Despite the fact that it’s several times more expensive to acquire a new customer than it is to retain an existing one, very few thriving businesses do the latter effectively. More often than not, growing companies tend to spend more effort on new user acquisition that they often neglect their existing customer base. Look at any marketing funnel diagrams created in the last 15 years and you'll find most stop short after the sale is made. While the greater adoption of lifecycle marketing seems to be pushing things in the right direction, few companies seem to be focusing on keeping customers satisfied for the long haul.
Earlier this week, Groupon reported quarterly earnings that missed the mark -- exposing a net loss of $81 million. Ouch. The problems facing Groupon aren’t new nor are they specific to the discounting model. The daily deal space is inherently flawed; few users are returning for a full-price purchase and fewer are spending beyond the deal value.
Though, these types of retention problems are affecting startups too. I have a habit of signing up for startup-of-the-week type services that I'm curious to try out. I can only think of a handful that have reached out to me to follow up on my experience. For the startups operating a freemium model, you can forget the potential upsell. Offer a new user discount, extend my trial, enroll me in a referral program -- just do something to keep me using your product or service. Loyalty is tenuous, and that has to be earned and nurtured. Dropbox figured this out years ago and they've been dominating the saturated cloud storage space ever since.
Fortunately, a few companies like Userfox, Customer.io and Preact are working to alleviate attrition problems. By providing event-based messages that are triggered by user actions, or lack thereof, it's possible to target customers and not only predict, but influence their behavior. Businesses that are able to do this successfully will have a significant advantage over their user acquisition-hungry competitors. I'm certain Groupon ex-CEO Andrew Mason would agree; in his resignation letter, he extolls the following:
"If there's one piece of wisdom that this simple pilgrim would like to impart upon you: have the courage to start with the customer. My biggest regrets are the moments that I let a lack of data override my intuition on what's best for our customers."